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Combustion, Explosion and Shock Waves

2012 year, number 6

Effects of Recessed Air Jet on Turbulent Compressed Natural Gas Inverse Diffusion Flame Shape and Luminosity

S. Mahesh, D. P. Mishra
Keywords: turbulent inverse diffusion flame, minimum recession, flame luminosity, necking zone


Effects of the recession of the central air jet on the visible flame height, necking zone, and luminosity of a turbulent compressed natural gas–air inverse diffusion flame in a coaxial burner are investigated in this experimental study. The inner circular tube of the coaxial burner is recessed by 0.25da, 0.5da, and 1.0da, where da is the central tube inner diameter. From the visual observation, the flame height and the necking zone height are observed to decrease exponentially with the air jet Reynolds number with no recession of the central air jet. However, only a marginal reduction in the visible flame height is observed with an increase in the recession height of the air jet as compared to the necking zone height. Interestingly, the necking zone at the flame base disappears beyond the critical recession height of the central jet. Moreover, the recession is found to be effective in eradicating the fuel rich zone and soot ring at the flame base of turbulent compressed natural gas inverse diffusion flame at lower air jet Reynolds numbers.